follow Dictionary.com

Why is the ninth month called September?

bromine

[broh-meen, -min] /ˈbroʊ min, -mɪn/
noun, Chemistry
1.
an element that is a dark-reddish, fuming, toxic liquid and a member of the halogen family: obtained from natural brines and ocean water, and used chiefly in the manufacture of gasoline antiknock compounds, pharmaceuticals, and dyes. Symbol: Br; atomic weight: 79.909; atomic number: 35; specific gravity: 3.119 at 20°C.
Origin
1827
1827; < French brome bromine (< Greek brômos stench) + -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples for bromine
  • Chlorine is also used in the production of chlorates and in bromine extraction.
  • The seaweed was used to produce iodine, but also contained bromine.
  • Several of the heavier bromine isotopes from fission are delayed neutron emitters.
  • All of the radioactive bromine isotopes are relatively short lived.
  • bromine is a halogen, and is less reactive than chlorine and more reactive than iodine.
  • bromine, like chlorine, is also used in maintenance of swimming pools.
  • Instead, bromine exists exclusively as bromide salts in diffuse amounts in crustal rock.
  • In this treatment, bromide anions are oxidized to bromine by the chlorine gas.
  • bromine also undergoes electrophilic addition to phenols and anilines.
  • Like the other halogens, bromine participates in free radical reactions.
British Dictionary definitions for bromine

bromine

/ˈbrəʊmiːn; -mɪn/
noun
1.
a pungent dark red volatile liquid element of the halogen series that occurs in natural brine and is used in the production of chemicals, esp ethylene dibromide. Symbol: Br; atomic no: 35; atomic wt: 79.904; valency: 1, 3, 5, or 7; relative density 3.12; density (gas): 7.59 kg/m³; melting pt: –7.2°C; boiling pt: 58.78°C
Word Origin
C19: from French brome bromine, from Greek brōmos bad smell + -ine², of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for bromine
n.

nonmetallic element, 1827, from French brome, from Greek bromos "stench." With chemical suffix -ine (2). The evil-smelling dark red liquid was discovered by French chemist Antoine Jérôme Balard (1802-1876), who initially called it muride.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
bromine in Medicine

bromine bro·mine (brō'mēn)
n.
Symbol Br
A volatile nonmetallic liquid element, having a highly irritating vapor. It is used in gasoline antiknock mixtures and photographic chemicals. Atomic weight 79.904; atomic number 35; melting point -7.2°C; boiling point 58.78°C; specific gravity 3.12; valence 1, 3, 5, 7.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
bromine in Science
bromine
  (brō'mēn)   
Symbol Br
A reddish-brown volatile element of the halogen group found in compounds occurring in ocean water. The pure form is a nonmetallic liquid that gives off a highly irritating vapor. It is used to make dyes, sedatives, and photographic film. Atomic weight 79.904; atomic number 35; melting point 7.2°C; boiling point 58.78°C; specific gravity 3.12; valence 1, 3, 5, 7. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for bromine

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for bromine

11
14
Scrabble Words With Friends