any of various alloys consisting essentially of copper and tin, the tin content not exceeding 11 percent.
any of various other alloys having a large copper content.
a metallic brownish color.
a work of art, as a statue, statuette, bust, or medal, composed of bronze.
Numismatics. a coin made of bronze, especially one from the Roman Empire.
verb (used with object), bronzed, bronzing.
to give the appearance or color of bronze to.
to make brown, as by exposure to the sun: The sun bronzed his face.
to apply a fine metallic powder to (the ink of a printed surface) in order to create a glossy effect.
to apply a fine metallic powder to (areas of a reproduction proof on acetate) in order to increase opacity.
having the color bronze.

1730–40; < French < Italian, of obscure origin

bronzy, bronzelike, adjective
prebronze, adjective
quasi-bronze, adjective
unbronzed, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bronze (brɒnz)
1.  a.  any hard water-resistant alloy consisting of copper and smaller proportions of tin and sometimes zinc and lead
 b.  phosphor bronze See also gunmetal Compare brass any similar copper alloy containing other elements in place of tin, such as aluminium bronze, beryllium bronze, etc
2.  a yellowish-brown colour or pigment
3.  a statue, medal, or other object made of bronze
4.  short for bronze medal
5.  made of or resembling bronze
6.  of a yellowish-brown colour: a bronze skin
7.  (esp of the skin) to make or become brown; tan
8.  (tr) to give the appearance of bronze to
[C18: from French, from Italian bronzo, perhaps ultimately from Latin Brundisium Brindisi, famed for its bronze]

bronzing (ˈbrɒnzɪŋ)
1.  blue pigment producing a metallic lustre when ground into paint media at fairly high concentrations
2.  the application of a mixture of powdered metal or pigments of a metallic lustre, and a binding medium, such as gold size, to a surface

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1721, "alloy of copper and tin," from Fr. bronze, from It. bronzo, from M.L. bronzium. Perhaps cognate (via notion of color) with Venetian bronza "glowing coals," or Ger. brunst "fire." Perhaps influenced by L. Brundisium the It. town of Brindisi (Pliny writes of aes Brundusinum). Perhaps ultimately
from Pers. birinj "copper." In M.E., the distinction between bronze (copper-tin alloy) and brass (copper-zinc alloy) was not clear, and both were called bras. A bronze medal was given to a third-place finisher since at least 1852. The Bronze Age (1865) falls between the Stone and Iron ages, and is a reference to the principal material for making weapons and ornaments.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
bronze   (brŏnz)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A yellow or brown alloy of copper and tin, sometimes with small amounts of other metals such as lead or zinc. Bronze is harder than brass and is used both in industry and in art.

  2. An alloy of copper and certain metals other than tin, such as aluminum.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica


coating an object of wood, plaster, clay, or other substance to give it the colour and lustre of bronze. Dutch metal, an alloy of 80 percent copper and 20 percent zinc, is frequently used for bronzing. The metal is prepared as a thin foil and then powdered. This powder may be applied directly to objects that have been sized with a spirit lacquer or gold size, or the powder may be combined with spirit lacquer thinned with amyl acetate and the mixture painted on with a brush. Various shades of colour may be obtained chemically; the natural golden colour of Dutch metal can be heightened by applying spirit lacquer coloured with dragon's blood, a resin obtained from plants.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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