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bronze

[bronz] /brɒnz/
noun
1.
Metallurgy.
  1. any of various alloys consisting essentially of copper and tin, the tin content not exceeding 11 percent.
  2. any of various other alloys having a large copper content.
2.
a metallic brownish color.
3.
a work of art, as a statue, statuette, bust, or medal, composed of bronze.
4.
Numismatics. a coin made of bronze, especially one from the Roman Empire.
verb (used with object), bronzed, bronzing.
5.
to give the appearance or color of bronze to.
6.
to make brown, as by exposure to the sun:
The sun bronzed his face.
7.
Printing.
  1. to apply a fine metallic powder to (the ink of a printed surface) in order to create a glossy effect.
  2. to apply a fine metallic powder to (areas of a reproduction proof on acetate) in order to increase opacity.
adjective
8.
having the color bronze.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; < French < Italian, of obscure origin
Related forms
bronzy, bronzelike, adjective
prebronze, adjective
quasi-bronze, adjective
unbronzed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bronzing

bronzing

/ˈbrɒnzɪŋ/
noun (building trades)
1.
blue pigment producing a metallic lustre when ground into paint media at fairly high concentrations
2.
the application of a mixture of powdered metal or pigments of a metallic lustre, and a binding medium, such as gold size, to a surface

bronze

/brɒnz/
noun
1.
  1. any hard water-resistant alloy consisting of copper and smaller proportions of tin and sometimes zinc and lead
  2. any similar copper alloy containing other elements in place of tin, such as aluminium bronze, beryllium bronze, etc See also phosphor bronze, gunmetal Compare brass (sense 1)
2.
a yellowish-brown colour or pigment
3.
a statue, medal, or other object made of bronze
4.
short for bronze medal
adjective
5.
made of or resembling bronze
6.
of a yellowish-brown colour: a bronze skin
verb
7.
(esp of the skin) to make or become brown; tan
8.
(transitive) to give the appearance of bronze to
Derived Forms
bronzy, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Italian bronzo, perhaps ultimately from Latin Brundisium Brindisi, famed for its bronze
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for bronzing

bronze

n.

1721, "alloy of copper and tin," from French bronze, from Italian bronzo, from Medieval Latin bronzium. Perhaps cognate (via notion of color) with Venetian bronza "glowing coals," or German brunst "fire." Perhaps influenced by Latin Brundisium the Italian town of Brindisi (Pliny writes of aes Brundusinum). Perhaps ultimately from Persian birinj "copper."

In Middle English, the distinction between bronze (copper-tin alloy) and brass (copper-zinc alloy) was not clear, and both were called bras. A bronze medal was given to a third-place finisher since at least 1852. The archaeological Bronze Age (1865) falls between the Stone and Iron ages, and is a reference to the principal material for making weapons and ornaments.

v.

1640s, literally, 1726 figuratively, from French bronzer (16c.) or else from bronze (n.). Related: Bronzed; bronzing. Meaning "to make to be bronze in color" is from 1792.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bronzing in Science
bronze
  (brŏnz)   
  1. A yellow or brown alloy of copper and tin, sometimes with small amounts of other metals such as lead or zinc. Bronze is harder than brass and is used both in industry and in art.

  2. An alloy of copper and certain metals other than tin, such as aluminum.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for bronzing

coating an object of wood, plaster, clay, or other substance to give it the colour and lustre of bronze. Dutch metal, an alloy of 80 percent copper and 20 percent zinc, is frequently used for bronzing. The metal is prepared as a thin foil and then powdered. This powder may be applied directly to objects that have been sized with a spirit lacquer or gold size, or the powder may be combined with spirit lacquer thinned with amyl acetate and the mixture painted on with a brush. Various shades of colour may be obtained chemically; the natural golden colour of Dutch metal can be heightened by applying spirit lacquer coloured with dragon's blood, a resin obtained from plants.

Learn more about bronzing with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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