preoccupied with depressing, morbid, or painful memories or thoughts: a brooding frame of mind.
cast in subdued light so as to convey a somewhat threatening atmosphere: Dusk fell on the brooding hills.

1810–20 for def 1; 1640–50 for def 2; brood + -ing2

broodingly, adverb
nonbrooding, adjective, noun
unbrooding, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
brood (bruːd)
1.  a number of young animals, esp birds, produced at one hatching
2.  all the offspring in one family: often used jokingly or contemptuously
3.  a group of a particular kind; breed
4.  (as modifier) kept for breeding: a brood mare
vb (when intr, often foll by on, over or upon)
5.  of a bird
 a.  to sit on or hatch (eggs)
 b.  (tr) to cover (young birds) protectively with the wings
6.  to ponder morbidly or persistently
[Old English brōd; related to Middle High German bruot, Dutch broed; see breed]
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1640s, "hovering, overhanging" (as a mother bird does her nest), from brood; meaning "that dwells moodily" first attested 1818 (in "Frankenstein").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

brood (brōōd)
See litter.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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