-ing

1
a suffix of nouns formed from verbs, expressing the action of the verb or its result, product, material, etc. (the art of building; a new building; cotton wadding ). It is also used to form nouns from words other than verbs (offing; shirting ). Verbal nouns ending in -ing are often used attributively (the printing trade ) and in forming compounds (drinking song ). In some compounds (sewing machine ), the first element might reasonably be regarded as the participial adjective, -ing2, the compound thus meaning “a machine that sews,” but it is commonly taken as a verbal noun, the compound being explained as “a machine for sewing.”
Compare -ing2.


Origin:
Middle English; Old English -ing, -ung

Dictionary.com Unabridged

-ing

2
a suffix forming the present participle of verbs (walking; thinking ), such participles being often used as participial adjectives: warring factions.
Compare -ing1.


Origin:
Middle English -ing, -inge; the variant -in (usually represented in spelling as -inʾ) continues Middle English -inde, -ende, Old English -ende


The common suffix -ing 2 can be pronounced in modern English as either [‐ing] or [‐in] with either the velar nasal consonant [ng] symbolized in IPA as [ŋ], or the alveolar nasal consonant [n] symbolized in IPA as [n]. The [‐in] pronunciation therefore reflects the use of one nasal as against another and not, as is popularly supposed, “dropping the g, ” since no actual g -sound is involved.
Many speakers use both pronunciations, depending on the speed of utterance and the relative formality of the occasion, with [‐ing] considered the more formal variant. For some educated speakers, especially in the southern United States and Britain, [‐in] is in fact the more common pronunciation, while for other educated speakers, [‐ing] is common in virtually all circumstances. In response to correction from perceived authorities, many American speakers who would ordinarily use [‐in] at least some of the time make a conscious effort to say [‐ing] even in informal circumstances.

-ing

3
a native English suffix meaning “one belonging to,” “of the kind of,” “one descended from,” and sometimes having a diminutive force, formerly used in the formation of nouns: farthing; shilling; bunting; gelding; whiting.
Compare -ling1.


Origin:
Middle English, Old English -ing, cognate with Old Norse -ingr, -ungr, Gothic -ings

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
-ing1
 
suffix forming nouns
1.  (from verbs) the action of, process of, result of, or something connected with the verb: coming; meeting; a wedding; winnings
2.  (from other nouns) something used in, consisting of, involving, etc: tubing; soldiering
3.  (from other parts of speech): an outing
 
[Old English -ing, -ung]

-ing2
 
suffix
1.  forming the present participle of verbs: walking; believing
2.  forming participial adjectives: a growing boy; a sinking ship
3.  forming adjectives not derived from verbs: swashbuckling
 
[Middle English -ing, -inde, from Old English -ende]

-ing3
 
suffix forming nouns
a person or thing having a certain quality or being of a certain kind: sweeting; whiting
 
[Old English -ing; related to Old Norse -ingr]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

-ing
suffix attached to verbs to mean their action, result, product, material, etc., from O.E. -ing, -ung, from P.Gmc. *unga (cf. O.N. -ing, Du. -ing, Ger. -ung). Originally used to form nouns from verbs and to denote completed or habitual action. Its use has been greatly expanded in M.E. and Mod.Eng. The
other use of -ing is to form the prp. of verbs, and in this sense it developed from O.E. -ende (cf. Ger. -end, Goth. -and, Skt. -ant, Gk. -on, L. -ans). It evolved into -ing in 13c.-14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
ing
inguinal
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for ing
Another popular savings method that ing direct offers is a certificate of deposit, or cd.
Ing offers twenty mutual funds, each of which has a particular investment strategy.
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