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Old English broþ, from Proto-Germanic *bruthan (cf. Old High German *brod), from verb root *bhreue- "to heat, boil, bubble; liquid in which something has been boiled" (cf. Old English breowan "to brew;" see brew (v.)). Picked up from Germanic by the Romanic and Celtic languages.
The Irishism broth of a boy, which is in Byron, was "thought to originate from the Irish Broth, passion -- Brotha passionate, spirited ..." [Farmer], and if so is not immediately related.