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[broo-uh m, broom, broh-uh m] /ˈbru əm, brum, ˈbroʊ əm/
a four-wheeled, boxlike, closed carriage for two or four persons, having the driver's perch outside.
  1. (formerly) a limousine having an open driver's compartment.
  2. an early type of automobile resembling a coupé, often powered by an electric motor.
1850-55; named after Lord Brougham (1778-1868), English statesman Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for brougham
  • Even today, reports vary as to whether the car would have a brougham or cabriolet body.
British Dictionary definitions for brougham


/ˈbruːəm; bruːm/
a four-wheeled horse-drawn closed carriage having a raised open driver's seat in front
(obsolete) a large car with an open compartment at the front for the driver
(obsolete) an early electric car
Word Origin
C19: named after Henry Peter, Lord Brougham (1778–1868)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for brougham

1851, one-horse closed carriage with two or four wheels, for two or four persons, from first Lord Brougham (1778-1868). The family name is from a place in Westmoreland.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for brougham

four-wheeled, one-horse carriage. As originally designed (c. 1838) by Henry (later Baron) Brougham, a former lord chancellor of England, it had a low coupe body, appearing as if the front were cut away, that enclosed one forward-facing seat for two passengers; a coachman's seat was attached to the front, where a third passenger could also ride

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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