bruise

[brooz]
verb (used with object), bruised, bruising.
1.
to injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin: The blow bruised his arm. Her pinching bruised the peaches.
2.
to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark: to bruise a person's feelings.
3.
to crush (drugs or food) by beating or pounding.
4.
Metalworking. to injure the surface of (an ingot or finished object) by collision.
verb (used without object), bruised, bruising.
5.
to develop or bear a discolored spot on the skin as the result of a blow, fall, etc.
6.
to become injured slightly: His feelings bruise easily.
noun
7.
an injury due to bruising; contusion.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English bro(o)sen, bres(s)en, bris(s)en, bruisen, representing Old English brȳsan, brēsan and Anglo-French bruser, Old French bruisier, akin to briser to break; see brisance

unbruised, adjective

brews, bruise.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bruise (bruːz)
 
vb
1.  (also intr) to injure (tissues) without breaking the skin, usually with discoloration, or (of tissues) to be injured in this way
2.  to offend or injure (someone's feelings) by an insult, unkindness, etc
3.  to damage the surface of (something), as by a blow
4.  to crush (food, etc) by pounding or pressing
 
n
5.  a bodily injury without a break in the skin, usually with discoloration; contusion
 
[Old English brӯsan, of Celtic origin; compare Irish brūigim I bruise]

bruising (ˈbruːzɪŋ)
 
adj
1.  causing bruises, as by a blow
2.  aggressively antagonistic; hurtful: four months of bruising negotiation
 
n
3.  a bruise or bruises

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bruise
O.E. brysan "to crush, bruise, pound," from P.Gmc. *brusjanan, from PIE base *bhreus- "to smash, crush" (cf. O.Ir. bronnaim "I wrong, I hurt;" Bret. brezel "war," V.L. brisare "to break"). Merged by 17c. with Anglo-Fr. bruiser "to break, smash," from O.Fr. bruisier "to break, shatter," perhaps from Gaul.
*brus-, from the same PIE base. Related: Bruised; bruising. The noun is first recorded 1540s. Bruiser "a boxer" is attested from 1744.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

bruise (brōōz)
n.
An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is unbroken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations; a contusion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
It's a question that's inspired a surprisingly bruising debate.
It is a bruising business, and only the highly articulate need apply.
The commission is looking at ways to reinterpret the stability pact in light of the bruising experiences of the past few years.
Nonetheless, he maintained his bruising schedule of public appearances and behind-the-scenes management.
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