buckram

[buhk-ruhm]
noun
1.
a stiff cotton fabric for interlinings, book bindings, etc.
2.
stiffness of manner; extreme preciseness or formality.
verb (used with object), buckramed, buckraming.
3.
to strengthen with buckram.
4.
Archaic. to give a false appearance of importance, value, or strength to.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English bukeram < Middle High German buckeram or Old Italian bucherame, said to be named after Bukhara, once noted for textiles

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World English Dictionary
buckram (ˈbʌkrəm)
 
n
1.  a.  cotton or linen cloth stiffened with size, etc, used in lining or stiffening clothes, bookbinding, etc
 b.  (as modifier): a buckram cover
2.  archaic stiffness of manner
 
vb , -rams, -raming, -ramed
3.  (tr) to stiffen with buckram
 
[C14: from Old French boquerant, from Old Provençal bocaran, ultimately from Bukhara, once an important source of textiles]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

buckram
early 13c., from O.Fr. boquerant "fine oriental cloth" (12c.), probably from Bukhara, city in central Asia from which it was imported to Europe. Originally a name of a delicate, costly fabric, it later came to mean coarse linen used for lining. The -m in the English word may indicate Italian origin (cf.
It. bucherame, 14c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Anything from cloth or buckram-covered bricks to window sash weights to can be used.
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