bunker

[buhng-ker]
noun
1.
a large bin or receptacle; a fixed chest or box: a coal bunker.
2.
a fortification set mostly below the surface of the ground with overhead protection provided by logs and earth or by concrete and fitted with openings through which guns may be fired.
3.
Golf. any obstacle, as a sand trap or mound of dirt, constituting a hazard.
verb (used with object)
4.
Nautical.
a.
to provide fuel for (a vessel).
b.
to convey (bulk cargo except grain) from a vessel to an adjacent storehouse.
5.
Golf. to hit (a ball) into a bunker.
6.
to equip with or as if with bunkers: to bunker an army's defenses.

Origin:
1750–60; earlier bonkar (Scots) box, chest, serving also as a seat, of obscure origin

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bunker (ˈbʌŋkə)
 
n
1.  a large storage container or tank, as for coal
2.  Also called (esp US and Canadian): sand trap an obstacle on a golf course, usually a sand-filled hollow bordered by a ridge
3.  an underground shelter, often of reinforced concrete and with a bank and embrasures for guns above ground
 
vb
4.  (tr) golf
 a.  to drive (the ball) into a bunker
 b.  (passive) to have one's ball trapped in a bunker
5.  (tr) nautical
 a.  to fuel (a ship)
 b.  to transfer (cargo) from a ship to a storehouse
 
[C16 (in the sense: chest, box): from Scottish bonkar, of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bunker
1758, from Scottish, "seat, bench," possibly a variant of banker "bench" (1670s; see bunk (1)). Of golf courses, first recorded 1824; meaning "dug-out fortification" is probably from World War I.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
His team of experts found that the ship's demise was self- inflicted--likely
  the result of a coal bunker fire.
It can be used as a ground penetrating bunker buster.
Nowhere has that bunker mentality been more obvious than in the rapid
  proliferation of gated communities.
Marsupial hand pockets and a jersey-lined hood make it a mobile bunker against
  chills.
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