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burn1

[burn] /bɜrn/
verb (used without object), burned or burnt, burning.
1.
to undergo rapid combustion or consume fuel in such a way as to give off heat, gases, and, usually, light; be on fire:
The fire burned in the grate.
2.
(of a fireplace, furnace, etc.) to contain a fire.
3.
to feel heat or a physiologically similar sensation; feel pain from or as if from a fire:
The wound burned and throbbed.
4.
to give off light or to glow brightly:
The lights in the house burned all night.
5.
to give off heat or be hot:
The pavement burned in the noon sun.
6.
to produce pain or a stinging sensation similar to that of fire; cause to smart:
The whiskey burned in his throat.
7.
Games. to be extremely close to finding a concealed object or guessing an answer.
8.
to feel extreme anger:
When she said I was rude, I really burned.
9.
to feel strong emotion or passion:
He burned with desire.
10.
Chemistry.
  1. to undergo combustion, either fast or slow; oxidize.
  2. to undergo fission or fusion.
11.
to become charred or overcooked by heat:
The steak burned around the edges.
12.
to receive a sunburn:
She burns easily and has to stay in the shade.
13.
to be damned:
You may burn for that sin.
14.
Slang. to die in an electric chair:
The murderer was sentenced to burn.
15.
to be engraved by or as if by burning:
His words burned into her heart.
verb (used with object), burned or burnt, burning.
16.
to cause to undergo combustion or be consumed partly or wholly by fire.
17.
to use as fuel or as a source of light:
He burned coal to heat the house.
18.
to cause to feel the sensation of heat.
19.
to overcook or char:
I almost burned the roast.
20.
to sunburn.
21.
to injure, endanger, or damage with or as if with fire:
Look out, you'll burn yourself!
22.
to execute by burning:
The heretic was burned at the stake.
23.
to subject to fire or treat with heat as a process of manufacturing.
24.
to produce with or as if with fire:
She burned a hole in her dress.
25.
to cause sharp pain or a stinging sensation:
The iodine burned his cut.
26.
to consume rapidly, especially to squander:
He burned energy as if he never heard of resting.
27.
Slang. to suffer losses or be disillusioned in business or social relationships:
She was burned by that phony stock deal.
28.
Slang. to cheat or rob.
29.
Digital Technology. to copy or write data to (an optical disk):
She burned a CD of their favorite songs.
Compare rip1 (def 4).
30.
Chemistry. to cause to undergo combustion; oxidize.
31.
to damage through excessive friction, as in grinding or machining; scorch.
32.
Metallurgy. to oxidize (a steel ingot), as with a flame.
33.
British. to scald (a wine, especially sherry) in an iron container over a fire.
34.
Cards. to put (a played or rejected card) face up at the bottom of the pack.
35.
Slang. to disclose the identity of (an undercover agent, law officer, etc.):
to burn a narcotics detective.
noun
36.
a burned place or area:
a burn where fire had ripped through the forest.
37.
Pathology. an injury usually caused by heat but also by abnormal cold, chemicals, poison gas, electricity, or lightning, and characterized by a painful reddening and swelling of the epidermis (first-degree burn) damage extending into the dermis, usually with blistering (second-degree burn) or destruction of the epidermis and dermis extending into the deeper tissue with loss of pain receptors (third-degree burn)
38.
39.
the process or an instance of burning or baking, as in brickmaking.
40.
a forest or brush fire.
41.
the firing of a rocket engine.
42.
a burning sensation felt in the muscles during intense exercise (usually preceded by the):
Repeat the sit-ups till you feel the burn in your lower abs.
43.
Slang. a swindle.
Verb phrases
44.
burn down, to burn to the ground:
That barn was struck by lightning and burned down.
45.
burn in, Photography. (in printing) to expose (one part of an image) to more light by masking the other parts in order to darken and give greater detail to the unmasked area.
Also, print in.
Compare dodge (def 2).
46.
burn off, (of morning mist) to be dissipated by the warmth of the rising sun.
47.
burn on, to weld lead with lead.
48.
burn one up, Informal. to incite to anger:
That attitude burns me up.
49.
burn out,
  1. to cease functioning because something has been exhausted or burned up, as fuel or a filament:
    Our light bulbs burned out.
  2. to deprive of a place to live, work, etc., by reason of fire:
    They were burned out and had to live with relatives.
  3. to wear out; exhaust; be worn out; become exhausted.
50.
burn up,
  1. to burn completely or utterly:
    The papers burned up in a minute.
  2. Informal. to become angry:
    He burns up at the mention of her name.
Idioms
51.
burn one's bridges (behind one). bridge1 (def 26).
52.
burn oneself out, to exhaust one's energy, ideas, etc., through overwork or intemperance:
They feared that he would burn himself out or break down.
53.
burn the midnight oil, to work, study,etc., until late at night:
to burn the midnight oil before final exams.
54.
burn the / one's candle at both ends, to be excessively active or immoderate, as by leading an active social life by night and a busy work life by day:
You can't burn the candle at both ends and hold onto a job.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English bernen, brennen, Old English beornan (intransitive), (cognate with Gothic, Old High German brinnan), and Old English bærnan (transitive), (cognate with Gothic brannjan, Old High German brennen)
Related forms
burnable, adjective
half-burned, adjective
nonburnable, adjective
unburnable, adjective
unburned, adjective
well-burned, adjective
Synonyms
1. flame. 3. tingle, glow. 16. char, toast, brown, tan. Burn, scorch, sear, singe refer to the effect of fire or heat. To burn is to consume, wholly or in part, by contact with fire or excessive heat: to burn leaves. Scorch implies superficial or slight burning, resulting in a change of color or in injury to the texture because of shriveling or curling: to scorch a dress while ironing. Sear refers especially to the drying or hardening caused by heat: to sear a roast of meat. Singe applies especially to a superficial burning that takes off ends or projections: to singe hair; singe the pinfeathers from a chicken.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for burn the candle at both ends

burn1

/bɜːn/
verb burns, burning, burnt, burned
1.
to undergo or cause to undergo combustion
2.
to destroy or be destroyed by fire
3.
(transitive) to damage, injure, or mark by heat: he burnt his hand, she was burnt by the sun
4.
to die or put to death by fire: to burn at the stake
5.
(intransitive) to be or feel hot: my forehead burns
6.
to smart or cause to smart: brandy burns one's throat
7.
(intransitive) to feel strong emotion, esp anger or passion
8.
(transitive) to use for the purposes of light, heat, or power: to burn coal
9.
(transitive) to form by or as if by fire: to burn a hole
10.
to char or become charred: the potatoes are burning in the saucepan
11.
(transitive) to brand or cauterize
12.
(transitive) to cut (metal) with an oxygen-rich flame
13.
to produce by or subject to heat as part of a process: to burn charcoal
14.
(transitive) to copy information onto (a CD-ROM)
15.
(astronomy) to convert (a lighter element) to a heavier one by nuclear fusion in a star: to burn hydrogen
16.
(cards, mainly Brit) to discard or exchange (one or more useless cards)
17.
(transitive; usually passive) (informal) to cheat, esp financially
18.
(slang, mainly US) to electrocute or be electrocuted
19.
(transitive) (Austral, slang) to drive fast (esp in the phrase go for a burn)
20.
burn one's bridges, burn one's boats, to commit oneself to a particular course of action with no possibility of turning back
21.
burn the candle at both ends, See candle (sense 3)
22.
burn one's fingers, to suffer from having meddled or been rash
noun
23.
an injury caused by exposure to heat, electrical, chemical, or radioactive agents. Burns are classified according to the depth of tissue affected: first-degree burn: skin surface painful and red; second-degree burn: blisters appear on the skin; third-degree burn: destruction of both epidermis and dermis
24.
a mark, e.g. on wood, caused by burning
25.
a controlled use of rocket propellant, esp for a course correction
26.
a hot painful sensation in a muscle, experienced during vigorous exercise: go for the burn!
27.
(Austral & NZ) a controlled fire to clear an area of scrub
28.
(slang) tobacco or a cigarette
Word Origin
Old English beornan (intr), bærnan (tr); related to Old Norse brenna (tr or intr), Gothic brinnan (intr), Latin fervēre to boil, seethe

burn2

/bɜːn; Scottish bʌrn/
noun
1.
(Scot & Northern English) a small stream; brook
Word Origin
Old English burna; related to Old Norse brunnr spring, Old High German brunno, Lithuanian briáutis to burst forth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for burn the candle at both ends

burn

v.

12c., combination of Old Norse brenna "to burn, light," and two originally distinct Old English verbs: bærnan "to kindle" (transitive) and beornan "to be on fire" (intransitive), all from Proto-Germanic *brennan/*branajan (cf. Middle Dutch bernen, Dutch branden, Old High German brinnan, German brennen, Gothic -brannjan "to set on fire"). This perhaps is from PIE *gwher- "to heat, warm" (see warm (adj.)), or from PIE *bhre-n-u, from root *bhreue- "to boil forth, well up" (see brew (v.)). Related: Burned/burnt (see -ed); burning.

Figuratively (of passions, battle, etc.) in Old English. Meaning "cheat, swindle, victimize" is first attested 1650s. In late 18c, slang, burned meant "infected with venereal disease." To burn one's bridges (behind one) "behave so as to destroy any chance of returning to a status quo" (attested by 1892 in Mark Twain), perhaps ultimately is from reckless cavalry raids in the American Civil War. Slavic languages have historically used different and unrelated words for the transitive and intransitive senses of "set fire to"/"be on fire:" cf. Polish palić/gorzeć, Russian žeč'/gorel.

n.

c.1300, "act of burning," from Old English bryne, from the same source as burn (v.). Until mid-16c. the usual spelling was brenne. Meaning "mark made by burning" is from 1520s. Slow burn first attested 1938, in reference to U.S. movie actor Edgar Kennedy (1890-1948), who made it his specialty.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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burn the candle at both ends in Medicine

burn (bûrn)
v. burned or burnt (bûrnt), burn·ing, burns

  1. To undergo or cause to undergo combustion.

  2. To consume or use as fuel or energy.

  3. To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

  4. To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.

  5. To become sunburned or windburned.

  6. To metabolize a substance, such as glucose, in the body.

  7. To impart a sensation of intense heat to.

  8. To feel or look hot.

n.
  1. An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

  2. A burned place or area.

  3. The process or result of burning.

  4. A stinging sensation.

  5. A sunburn or windburn.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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burn the candle at both ends in Science
burn
  (bûrn)   
Verb  
  1. To be on fire; undergo combustion. A substance burns if it is heated up enough to react chemically with oxygen.

  2. To cause a burn to a bodily tissue.


Noun  Tissue injury caused by fire, heat, radiation (such as sun exposure), electricity, or a caustic chemical agent. Burns are classified according to the degree of tissue damage, which can include redness, blisters, skin edema and loss of sensation. Bacterial infection is a serious and sometimes fatal complication of severe burns.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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burn the candle at both ends in Culture

burn the candle at both ends definition


To do more than one ought to; to overextend oneself: “His doctor said that his illness was brought on by stress and recommended that he stop burning the candle at both ends.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for burn the candle at both ends

burn

interjection

An exclamation of delight at a successful insult (1980s+Students)

noun
  1. Becoming angry: He didn't blow up, just did a slow burn (1930s+)
  2. Cheat or swindle: It was a burn, but it didn't start out to be
  3. : I didn't mean it as a burn (mid-1890s+)
verb
  1. To cook or heat food: Let's burn a couple of hot dogs (1950s+)
  2. To put or be put to death in the electric chair; fry (1925+)
  3. To kill; assassinate (1930s+)
  4. To become angry; burn up: I burned but went on singing (1930s+)
  5. To anger; infuriate; PISS someone OFF: You must have done something to burn him (1935+)
  6. To cheat; swindle; victimize; rob; rip off: If you go along with that guy you'll get burned (late 1600s+)
  7. To assault or fight a rival gang or gang member (1950s+ Street gang)
  8. To harass a person relentlessly; hound: I'll burn you right off the force (1950s+)
  9. To insult; put down •This seems to be a spontaneous verb form that coincides with the much older noun: I burned this chick. ''Whereja get those jeans, like Sears or something?''/ The Administration only turned to her after it felt burned by two ''Eastern elitists'' (1970s+ Teenagers & students)
  10. To infect or become infected with a venereal disease (1500s+)
  11. To pass; spend; waste; kill: I'll start a conversation just to burn time/ if it burns tomorrow afternoon
  12. To move very rapidly; speed; barrel: He wasn't just running, he was burning (1880s+)
  13. To perform, esp to improvise, superbly; excel; Be Hot: The cat was getting down and burning (1950s+ Jazz musicians)
  14. To borrow; beg (1970s+)
  15. To throw something, esp a baseball, very fast: He burned the fastball right down the middle (1940s+)
  16. To outdo; outshine in competition: Tony has burned the guy/ the way Dex burned Eddie on that last number
  17. To make a xerographic copy: Will you burn me ten copies of this? (1980s+ Army)
  18. To expose as an informer: Do you really want to spend valuable man-hours trying to find out who burned him? (1950s+ Police)
Related Terms

burnout, do a slow burn


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with burn the candle at both ends

burn the candle at both ends

Exhaust one's energies or resources by leading a hectic life. For example, Joseph's been burning the candle at both ends for weeks, working two jobs during the week and a third on weekends. This metaphor originated in France and was translated into English in Randle Cotgrave's Dictionary (1611), where it referred to dissipating one's wealth. It soon acquired its present broader meaning.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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