burnish

[bur-nish]
verb (used with object)
1.
to polish (a surface) by friction.
2.
to make smooth and bright.
3.
Engraving. to flatten and enlarge the dots of (a halftone) by rubbing with a tool.
noun
4.
gloss; brightness; luster: the burnish of brass andirons.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English burnissh < Anglo-French burniss-, Middle French bruniss- (long stem of burnir, brunir to darken, polish), equivalent to brun- brown + -iss- -ish2

burnishable, adjective
burnishment, noun
unburnished, adjective


1. buff, shine.
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World English Dictionary
burnish (ˈbɜːnɪʃ)
 
vb
1.  to make or become shiny or smooth by friction; polish
 
n
2.  a shiny finish; lustre
 
[C14 burnischen, from Old French brunir to make brown, from brunbrown]
 
'burnishable
 
adj
 
'burnisher
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

burnish
early 14c., from O.Fr. burniss- prp. stem of burnir, metathesis of brunir "to make brown/bright, polish," from brun "brown, polished," from a Germanic source (cf. O.H.G. brun, O.N. brunn "bright, polished, brown;" see brown).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Over night the contending factions had burnished up their arguments, and a
  great tilt was confidently expected.
But his political skills, honed in the post-communist era, have burnished his
  reputation.
For now, it sits in storage, its burnished white-and-gold console protected by
  a sheet of plastic.
The bouquet shown here, for example, fills a burnished gourd.
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