|a scrap or morsel of food left at a meal.|
|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
|—vb , burns, burning, burnt, burned|
|1.||to undergo or cause to undergo combustion|
|2.||to destroy or be destroyed by fire|
|3.||(tr) to damage, injure, or mark by heat: he burnt his hand; she was burnt by the sun|
|4.||to die or put to death by fire: to burn at the stake|
|5.||(intr) to be or feel hot: my forehead burns|
|6.||to smart or cause to smart: brandy burns one's throat|
|7.||(intr) to feel strong emotion, esp anger or passion|
|8.||(tr) to use for the purposes of light, heat, or power: to burn coal|
|9.||(tr) to form by or as if by fire: to burn a hole|
|10.||to char or become charred: the potatoes are burning in the saucepan|
|11.||(tr) to brand or cauterize|
|12.||(tr) to cut (metal) with an oxygen-rich flame|
|13.||to produce by or subject to heat as part of a process: to burn charcoal|
|14.||(tr) to copy information onto (a CD-ROM)|
|15.||astronomy to convert (a lighter element) to a heavier one by nuclear fusion in a star: to burn hydrogen|
|16.||chiefly (Brit) cards to discard or exchange (one or more useless cards)|
|17.||informal (tr; usually passive) to cheat, esp financially|
|18.||slang chiefly (US) to electrocute or be electrocuted|
|19.||slang (Austral) (tr) to drive fast (esp in the phrase go for a burn)|
|20.||burn one's bridges, burn one's boats to commit oneself to a particular course of action with no possibility of turning back|
|21.||burn the candle at both ends See candle|
|22.||burn one's fingers to suffer from having meddled or been rash|
|23.||an injury caused by exposure to heat, electrical, chemical, or radioactive agents. Burns are classified according to the depth of tissue affected: first-degree burn: skin surface painful and red; second-degree burn: blisters appear on the skin; third-degree burn: destruction of both epidermis and dermis|
|24.||a mark, e.g. on wood, caused by burning|
|25.||a controlled use of rocket propellant, esp for a course correction|
|26.||a hot painful sensation in a muscle, experienced during vigorous exercise: go for the burn!|
|27.||(Austral), (NZ) a controlled fire to clear an area of scrub|
|28.||slang tobacco or a cigarette|
|[Old English beornan (intr), bærnan (tr); related to Old Norse brenna (tr or intr), Gothic brinnan (intr), Latin fervēre to boil, seethe]|
v. burned or burnt (bûrnt), burn·ing, burns
To undergo or cause to undergo combustion.
To consume or use as fuel or energy.
To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.
To become sunburned or windburned.
To metabolize a substance, such as glucose, in the body.
To impart a sensation of intense heat to.
To feel or look hot.
An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
A burned place or area.
The process or result of burning.
A stinging sensation.
A sunburn or windburn.
|burn (bûrn) Pronunciation Key
Noun Tissue injury caused by fire, heat, radiation (such as sun exposure), electricity, or a caustic chemical agent. Burns are classified according to the degree of tissue damage, which can include redness, blisters, skin edema and loss of sensation. Bacterial infection is a serious and sometimes fatal complication of severe burns.
city, seat (1889) of Harney county, east-central Oregon, U.S., situated on the Silvies River. Bannock, Northern Paiute, and Shoshoni peoples once roamed the region. The settlement was built on a former cattle ranch and named for the Scottish poet Robert Burns. As the capital of a vast cattle empire, it became the administrative headquarters for grazing lands retained in public ownership until the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934. The remote city, seat of the ninth largest county in the United States, serves as the trading centre for surrounding rangelands, and lumber milling is also important. The Burns Paiute tribe has a small reservation to the northwest of the city. Burns is the gateway to the Great Sandy Desert and Steens Mountain regions of southeastern Oregon. The nearby Malheur and Ochoco national forests and Malheur and Harney lakes have recreational facilities. Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, sheltering more than 320 species of migratory birds, is 32 miles (51 km) to the south. Inc. 1891. Pop. (1990) 2,913; (2000) 3,064.
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