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burnt umber

noun
1.
See under umber (def 1).

umber

[uhm-ber] /ˈʌm bər/
noun
1.
an earth consisting chiefly of a hydrated oxide of iron and some oxide of manganese, used in its natural state as a brown pigment (raw umber) or, after heating, as a reddish-brown pigment (burnt umber)
2.
the color of such a pigment; dark dusky brown or dark reddish brown.
3.
Ichthyology. the European grayling, Thymallus thymallus.
4.
North England Dialect. shade; shadow.
adjective
5.
of the color umber.
verb (used with object)
6.
to color with or as if with umber.
Origin of umber
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English umbre, umber shade, shadow < Old French umbre < Latin umbra; in sense “earth” < French terre d'ombre or Italian terra di ombra
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for burnt umber
Historical Examples
  • A bunch of burnt umber hair and a sea-green eye appeared in the crack of a door.

    The Trimmed Lamp O. Henry
  • The filler used should be coloured with burnt umber and sienna.

  • For dark oak use the same colors as for light and add Venetian red and burnt umber; the same color will do for pollard oak.

    Practical Graining William E. (William Edmund) Wall
  • We caught him one morning about two miles out from Mountain Valley, on his way to look after some of his burnt umber farm land.

  • The stippling color is best made from some good Vandyke brown, and it may also be made from burnt umber in distemper.

    Graining and Marbling Frederick Maire
  • The graining color should be made from raw sienna and burnt umber in distemper.

    Graining and Marbling Frederick Maire
  • burnt umber used alone or in connection with red and black, gives a very striking panel color for business vehicles.

    Practical Carriage and Wagon Painting Mayton Clarence Hillick
  • The colors used in either oil or distemper graining are raw sienna deepened with raw and burnt umber to suit.

    Graining and Marbling Frederick Maire
  • The colors used are raw sienna, burnt umber, Vandyke brown and a little burnt sienna.

    Practical Graining William E. (William Edmund) Wall
  • It should be made of raw sienna darkened with raw and burnt umber and thinned with raw linseed oil and turpentine, half and half.

    Graining and Marbling Frederick Maire
British Dictionary definitions for burnt umber

burnt umber

noun
1.
a brown pigment obtained by heating umber
2.
a dark brown colour

umber

/ˈʌmbə/
noun
1.
any of various natural brown earths containing ferric oxide together with lime and oxides of aluminium, manganese, and silicon See also burnt umber
2.
any of the dark brown to greenish-brown colours produced by this pigment
3.
short for umber moth
4.
(obsolete)
  1. shade or shadow
  2. any dark, dusky, or indefinite colour
adjective
5.
of, relating to, or stained with umber
Word Origin
C16: from French (terre d')ombre or Italian (terra di) ombra shadow (earth), from Latin umbra shade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for burnt umber

umber

n.

brown earthy pigment, 1560s, from Middle French ombre (in terre d'ombre), or Italian ombra (in terra di ombra), both from either Latin umbra "shade, shadow" (see umbrage) or from Umbra, fem. of Umber "belonging to Umbria," region in central Italy from which the coloring matter first came. Burnt umber, specially prepared and redder in color, is attested from c.1650.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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