bushranger

bushranger

[boosh-reyn-jer]
noun
1.
a person who lives in the bush or woods.
2.
Australian.
a.
a person who lives by robbing travelers and isolated homesteads in the bush.
b.
a person who drives a hard, and sometimes dishonest, bargain.

Origin:
1810–20; bush1 + ranger

bushranging, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bushranger (ˈbʊʃˌreɪndʒə)
 
n
1.  (Austral) history an escaped convict or robber living in the bush
2.  (US) a person who lives away from civilization; backwoodsman

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bushranger

any of the bandits of the Australian bush, or outback, who harassed the settlers, miners, and Aborigines of the frontier in the late 18th and 19th centuries and whose exploits figure prominently in Australian history and folklore. Acting individually or in small bands, these variants of the classical bandit or highwayman followed the usual pattern of robbery, rape, and murder. They specialized in robbing, or "bailing up," stagecoaches, banks, and small settlements. From 1789, when John Caesar (called "Black Caesar") took to the bush and probably became the first bushranger, until the 1850s, the bushrangers were almost exclusively escaped convicts. From the 1850s until their disappearance after 1880, most bushrangers were free settlers who had run afoul of the law. The last major bushranger-and also the most celebrated-was Ned Kelly (1855-80).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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