Cut work, such as that on Illustration 65, is strengthened by outlining it in buttonhole-stitch.
The stitch of the vine is a modification of buttonhole-stitch.
The sewing-over may be in chain-stitch, satin-stitch (as in Illustration 65), or in buttonhole-stitch—which last is strongest.
"Ties" of buttonhole-stitch, or what not, are not necessary, provided the designer knows how to plan a fret pattern.
In finishing, you run them at the back of the stuff; for greater security still, one may end with a buttonhole-stitch.
Couching is best done in a frame; but it may be done in the hand by means of buttonhole-stitch.