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cadenza

[kuh-den-zuh] /kəˈdɛn zə/
noun, Music.
1.
an elaborate flourish or showy solo passage, sometimes improvised, introduced near the end of an aria or a movement of a concerto.
Origin of cadenza
1745-1755
1745-55; < Italian < Vulgar Latin *cadentia a falling, equivalent to Latin cad(ere) to fall + -entia -ency; cf. chance
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British Dictionary definitions for cadenza

cadenza

/kəˈdɛnzə/
noun
1.
a virtuoso solo passage occurring near the end of a piece of music, formerly improvised by the soloist but now usually specially composed
2.
(South African, informal) a fit or convulsion
Word Origin
C19: from Italian; see cadence
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cadenza
n.

"ornamental passage near the close of a song or solo," 1836, from Italian cadenza (see cadence).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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19
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