The first real church history was written by Eusebius of Caesarea in the early part of the 4th century.
Florus withdrew with all his troops, except one cohort, to Caesarea.
On account of the plot to kill him which was discovered by Paul's nephew he was sent away under heavy guard to Caesarea.
And Peter went down from Judaea to Caesarea, and tarried there.
In 231 he left Alexandria never to return, and thenceforward the chief place of his residence was Caesarea of Palestine.
"If we go to Caesarea Philippi, we will," answered the Zealot.
But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached the gospel to all the cities, till he came to Caesarea.
The trip from Caesarea Philippi had been tiring, and he longed to be alone.
So he went away from Caesarea, and did nothing; and a great tumult arose between the heathen and our people.
Subsequently, at the invitation of two bishops, he opened a school at Caesarea.
Latin city name derived from Caesar, applied in honor of the emperors to some new and existing cities in the Roman Empire, including modern Kayseri, Turkey; Shaizar, Syria, and Cherchell, Algeria (representing a French spelling of an Arabic name based on a Berber garbling of the Latin word).
(Palestinae), a city on the shore of the Mediterranean, on the great road from Tyre to Egypt, about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, at the northern extremity of the plain of Sharon. It was built by Herod the Great (B.C. 10), who named it after Caesar Augustus, hence called Caesarea Sebaste (Gr. Sebastos = "Augustus"), on the site of an old town called "Strato's Tower." It was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the governors or procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was the great Gentile city of Palestine, with a spacious artificial harbour. It was adorned with many buildings of great splendour, after the manner of the Roman cities of the West. Here Cornelius the centurion was converted through the instrumentality of Peter (Acts 10:1, 24), and thus for the first time the door of faith was opened to the Gentiles. Philip the evangelist resided here with his four daughters (21:8). From this place Saul sailed for his native Tarsus when forced to flee from Jerusalem (9:30), and here he landed when returning from his second missionary journey (18:22). He remained as a prisoner here for two years before his voyage to Rome (Acts 24:27; 25:1, 4, 6, 13). Here on a "set day," when games were celebrated in the theatre in honour of the emperor Claudius, Herod Agrippa I. appeared among the people in great pomp, and in the midst of the idolatrous homage paid to him was suddenly smitten by an angel, and carried out a dying man. He was "eaten of worms" (12:19-23), thus perishing by the same loathsome disease as his granfather, Herod the Great. It still retains its ancient name Kaiseriyeh, but is now desolate. "The present inhabitants of the ruins are snakes, scorpions, lizards, wild boars, and jackals." It is described as the most desolate city of all Palestine.