calamine

[kal-uh-mahyn, -min]
noun
1.
a pink, water-insoluble powder consisting of zinc oxide and about 0.5 percent ferric oxide, used in ointments, lotions, or the like, for the treatment of inflammatory conditions of the skin.
2.
Mineralogy, hemimorphite.
3.
Chiefly British, smithsonite ( def 1 ).

Origin:
1595–1605; < Medieval Latin calamīna, unexplained alteration of Latin cadmia cadmium; see -ine1

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World English Dictionary
calamine (ˈkæləˌmaɪn)
 
n
1.  a pink powder consisting of zinc oxide and ferric oxide, (iron(III) oxide), used medicinally in the form of soothing lotions or ointments
2.  (US) smithsonite another name for hemimorphite
 
[C17: from Old French, from Medieval Latin calamīna, from Latin cadmīa; see cadmium]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

calamine
1590s, from Fr. calamine, from O.Fr. calemine, 'chalemine (13c.), from M.L. calamina, corrupted by alchemists from L. cadmia "zinc ore," from Gk. kadmeia (see cadmium).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

calamine cal·a·mine (kāl'ə-mīn', -mĭn)
n.
A pink, odorless, tasteless powder of zinc oxide with a small amount of ferric oxide, dissolved in mineral oils and used in skin lotions.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Apply calamine lotion to the affected area, and then ice.
Calamine lotion and hydrocortisone cream can be applied to the skin to reduce
  itching and blistering.
Apply wet compresses, calamine lotion, or hydrocortisone cream to the skin to
  reduce itching and blistering.
Calamine lotion or antihistamine medications might reduce itching.
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