noun, plural calamities.
a great misfortune or disaster, as a flood or serious injury.
grievous affliction; adversity; misery: the calamity of war.

1375–1425; late Middle English calamite < Middle French < Latin calamitāt- (stem of calamitās), perhaps akin to incolumitās safety

1. reverse, blow, catastrophe, cataclysm; mischance, mishap. See disaster. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calamity (kəˈlæmɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  a disaster or misfortune, esp one causing extreme havoc, distress, or misery
2.  a state or feeling of deep distress or misery
[C15: from French calamité, from Latin calamitās; related to Latin incolumis uninjured]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., from M.Fr. calamite (14c.), from L. calamitatem (nom. calamitas) "damage, loss, failure; disaster, misfortune, adversity," origin obscure. L. writers associated it with calamus "straw," but it is perhaps from a lost root preserved in incolumis "uninjured."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Then the clamor subsides and the victims of tragedy are forgotten-until the
  next calamity.
There, especially in the wake of disaster, it often serves as a cruel second
Violently losing four professors and a key staff member from a department of 14
  faculty members was a calamity.
Learn to see in another's calamity the ills which you should avoid.
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