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calcine

[kal-sahyn, -sin] /ˈkæl saɪn, -sɪn/
verb (used with object), calcined, calcining.
1.
to convert into calx by heating or burning.
2.
to frit.
verb (used without object), calcined, calcining.
3.
to be converted into calx by heating or burning.
noun
4.
material resulting from calcination; calx.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin calcināre to heat, orig. used by alchemists
Related forms
calcinable
[kal-suh-nuh-buh l] /ˈkæl sə nə bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
calcination
[kal-suh-ney-shuh n] /ˌkæl səˈneɪ ʃən/ (Show IPA),
noun
calcinator
[kal-suh-ney-ter] /ˈkæl səˌneɪ tər/ (Show IPA),
noun
calcinatory
[kal-sin-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, kal-sin-uh-] /kælˈsɪn əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i, ˈkæl sɪn ə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
semicalcined, adjective
uncalcined, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for calcination
  • In some cases, calcination of a metal results in oxidation of the metal.
  • Alchemists distinguished two kinds of calcination, actual and potential.
British Dictionary definitions for calcination

calcine

/ˈkælsaɪn; -sɪn/
verb
1.
(transitive) to heat (a substance) so that it is oxidized, reduced, or loses water
2.
(intransitive) to oxidize as a result of heating
Derived Forms
calcination (ˌkælsɪˈneɪʃən) noun
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin calcināre to heat, from Latin calx lime
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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calcination in Medicine

calcine cal·cine (kāl-sīn, kāl'sīn)
v. cal·cined, cal·cining, cal·cines
To heat a substance to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point, causing loss of moisture, reduction, or oxidation and the decomposition of carbonates and other compounds.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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calcination in Science
calcination
  (kāl'sə-nā'shən)   
The process of heating a substance to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point, causing loss of moisture, reduction or oxidation, and dissociation into simpler substances. The term was originally applied to the method of driving off carbon dioxide from limestone to obtain lime (calcium oxide). Calcination is also used to extract metals from ores.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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