|the former official name (still widely used) of Kolkata|
|a state of E India, on the Bay of Bengal: formed in 1947 from the Hindu area of Bengal; additional territories added in 1950 (Cooch Behar), 1954 (Chandernagor), and 1956 (part of Bihar); mostly low-lying and crossed by the Hooghly River. Capital: Kolkata (Calcutta). Pop: 80 221 171 (2001). Area: 88 752 sq km (34 260 sq miles)|
Largest city in India, located in the eastern part of the country on the Hooghly River.
Note: Calcutta is one of the largest cities in the world and suffers from poverty, overcrowding, and unemployment.