a seaport in and the capital of West Bengal state, in E India, on the Hooghly River: former capital of British India.
(sometimes lowercase) . Also called Calcutta pool. a form of betting pool for a competition or tournament, as golf or auto racing, in which gamblers bid for participating contestants in an auction, the proceeds from which are put into a pool for distribution, according to a prearranged scale of percentages, to those who selected winners. Unabridged

West Bengal

a state in E India: formerly part of the province of Bengal. 33,805 sq. mi. (87,555 sq. km). Capital: Calcutta. Compare Bengal ( def 1 ). Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Calcutta (kælˈkʌtə)
the former official name (still widely used) of Kolkata

West Bengal
a state of E India, on the Bay of Bengal: formed in 1947 from the Hindu area of Bengal; additional territories added in 1950 (Cooch Behar), 1954 (Chandernagor), and 1956 (part of Bihar); mostly low-lying and crossed by the Hooghly River. Capital: Kolkata (Calcutta). Pop: 80 221 171 (2001). Area: 88 752 sq km (34 260 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

city in eastern India, named for Hindu goddess Kali.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Calcutta definition

Largest city in India, located in the eastern part of the country on the Hooghly River.

Note: Calcutta is one of the largest cities in the world and suffers from poverty, overcrowding, and unemployment.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for calcutta
Eminent speakers spoke on the history and heritage of raj bhavan and calcutta.
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