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calender

[kal-uh n-der] /ˈkæl ən dər/
noun
1.
a machine in which cloth, paper, or the like, is smoothed, glazed, etc., by pressing between rotating cylinders.
2.
a machine for impregnating fabric with rubber, as in the manufacture of automobile tires.
verb (used with object)
3.
to press in a calender.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; < Middle French calandre, by vowel assimilation < *colandre < Vulgar Latin *colendra, for Latin cylindrus cylinder; compare Middle English calendrer (< Anglo-French) as name of occupation
Related forms
calenderer, noun
Can be confused
calendar, calender, colander.

Calender

[kal-uh n-der] /ˈkæl ən dər/
noun
1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for calender

calender1

/ˈkælɪndə/
noun
1.
a machine in which paper or cloth is glazed or smoothed by passing between rollers
verb
2.
(transitive) to subject (material) to such a process
Word Origin
C17: from French calandre, of unknown origin

calender2

/ˈkælɪndə/
noun
1.
a member of a mendicant order of dervishes in Turkey, Iran, and India
Word Origin
from Persian kalandar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for calender
v.

"to pass through a calender," a machine which smooths and presses paper, cloth, etc., 1510s, from Middle French calandre, the machine name, from Medieval Latin calendra (see calender (n.)).

n.

"machine which smooths and presses paper, cloth, etc.," 1510s (late 13c. in surnames of persons who use such a machine), 1510s, from Old French calandreur, from Medieval Latin calendra "cloth-pressing machine," so called from the shape of the machine used, from Latin cylindrus, from Greek kylindros "roll, cylinder" (see cylinder).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
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