calisthenics

[kal-uhs-then-iks]
noun
1.
(used with a plural verb) gymnastic exercises designed to develop physical health and vigor, usually performed with little or no special apparatus.
2.
(used with a singular verb) the art, practice, or a session of such exercises.


Origin:
1840–50; cali- (variant of calli-) + Greek sthén(os) strength + -ics

calisthenic, calisthenical, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
calisthenics (ˌkælɪsˈθɛnɪks)
 
n
a variant spelling (esp US) of callisthenics
 
calis'thenic
 
adj

callisthenics or calisthenics (ˌkælɪsˈθɛnɪks)
 
n
1.  (functioning as plural) light exercises designed to promote general fitness, develop muscle tone, etc
2.  (functioning as singular) the practice of callisthenic exercises
 
[C19: from calli- + Greek sthenos strength]
 
calisthenics or calisthenics
 
n
 
[C19: from calli- + Greek sthenos strength]
 
callis'thenic or calisthenics
 
adj
 
calis'thenic or calisthenics
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

calisthenics
1847 (calisthenic is from 1839), formed on model of Fr. callisthenie, from Gk. kallos "beauty" + sthenos "strength" + -ics. Originally, gymnastic exercises suitable for girls and meant to develop the figure and promote graceful movement. The proper Gk., if there was such a
word in Gk., would have been *kallistheneia.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

calisthenics cal·is·then·ics (kāl'ĭs-thěn'ĭks)
pl.n.
Gymnastic exercises, such as sit-ups, designed to develop muscular tone and promote physical fitness.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Then he does calisthenics at the gym, followed by work with a strength and
  conditioning coach and sparring.
The workout began with calisthenics and rope jumping, he said.
They come to exercise a newly won right, doing calisthenics in a public spot.
One of these fights features strange calisthenics and unearthly shrieks.
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