(used with a plural verb) gymnastic exercises designed to develop physical health and vigor, usually performed with little or no special apparatus.
(used with a singular verb) the art, practice, or a session of such exercises.

1840–50; cali- (variant of calli-) + Greek sthén(os) strength + -ics

calisthenic, calisthenical, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calisthenics (ˌkælɪsˈθɛnɪks)
a variant spelling (esp US) of callisthenics

callisthenics or calisthenics (ˌkælɪsˈθɛnɪks)
1.  (functioning as plural) light exercises designed to promote general fitness, develop muscle tone, etc
2.  (functioning as singular) the practice of callisthenic exercises
[C19: from calli- + Greek sthenos strength]
calisthenics or calisthenics
[C19: from calli- + Greek sthenos strength]
callis'thenic or calisthenics
calis'thenic or calisthenics

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1847 (calisthenic is from 1839), formed on model of Fr. callisthenie, from Gk. kallos "beauty" + sthenos "strength" + -ics. Originally, gymnastic exercises suitable for girls and meant to develop the figure and promote graceful movement. The proper Gk., if there was such a
word in Gk., would have been *kallistheneia.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

calisthenics cal·is·then·ics (kāl'ĭs-thěn'ĭks)
Gymnastic exercises, such as sit-ups, designed to develop muscular tone and promote physical fitness.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Then he does calisthenics at the gym, followed by work with a strength and
  conditioning coach and sparring.
The workout began with calisthenics and rope jumping, he said.
They come to exercise a newly won right, doing calisthenics in a public spot.
One of these fights features strange calisthenics and unearthly shrieks.
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