[kav, kahv]
verb (used without object), calved, calving.
to give birth to a calf: The cow is expected to calve tomorrow.
(of a glacier, an iceberg, etc.) to break up or splinter so as to produce a detached piece.
verb (used with object), calved, calving.
to give birth to (a calf).
(of a glacier, an iceberg, etc.) to break off or detach (a piece): The glacier calved an iceberg.

before 1000; Middle English calven, Old English (Anglian) *calfian, derivative of calf calf1; cognate with Old English (West Saxon) cealfian Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calve (kɑːv)
1.  to give birth to (a calf)
2.  (of a glacier or iceberg) to release (masses of ice) in breaking up

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. cealfian, from cealf "calf" (see calf). Of icebergs, 1837.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The cows were inseminated this spring and should calve this coming winter.
We board a fishing boat and tour some bergs, hoping to see one calve.
Because it rests entirely on land, it isn't vulnerable to the influxes of
  warming ocean water that cause outlet glaciers to calve.
They had been expecting the glacier to calve, but this piece is much larger
  than anyone had anticipated.
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