calypsonian

Calypso

[kuh-lip-soh]
noun, plural Calypsos.
1.
Also, Kalypso. Classical Mythology. a sea nymph who detained Odysseus on the island of Ogygia for seven years.
2.
(lowercase) . Also called fairy-slipper. a terrestrial orchid, Calypso bulbosa, of the Northern Hemisphere, having a single variegated purple, yellow, and white flower.
3.
(lowercase) a musical style of West Indian origin, influenced by jazz, usually having topical, often improvised, lyrics.
verb (used without object)
4.
(lowercase) to sing or dance to calypso.

Origin:
the name of the musical style is of obscure origin and perhaps only copies the spelling of Calypso the sea nymph

calypsonian [kuh-lip-soh-nee-uhn, kal-ip-] , noun, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calypso1 (kəˈlɪpsəʊ)
 
n , pl -sos
1.  a popular type of satirical, usually topical, West Indian ballad, esp from Trinidad, usually extemporized to a percussive syncopated accompaniment
2.  a dance done to the rhythm of this song
 
[C20: probably from Calypso]

calypso2 (kəˈlɪpsəʊ)
 
n , pl -sos
a rare N temperate orchid, Calypso (or Cytherea) bulbosa, whose flower is pink or white with purple and yellow markings
 
[C19: named after Calypso]

Calypso (kəˈlɪpsəʊ)
 
n
Greek myth (in Homer's Odyssey) a sea nymph who detained Odysseus on the island of Ogygia for seven years

calypsonian (ˌkælɪpˈsəʊnɪən)
 
n
a performer or writer of calypsos

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Calypso
sea nymph in the "Odyssey," lit. "hidden, hider" (perhaps originally a death goddess) from Gk. kalyptein "to cover, conceal," from PIE *kel- "to cover, conceal, save," root of English Hell (see cell). The W. Indian type of song is so called from 1934, of unknown origin or connection to the nymph.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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