camphor

[kam-fer]
noun Chemistry, Pharmacology.
1.
a whitish, translucent, crystalline, pleasant-odored terpene ketone, C 10 H 16 O, obtained from the camphor tree, used chiefly in the manufacture of celluloid and in medicine as a counter-irritant for infections and in the treatment of pain and itching.
2.
any substance having medicinal or aromatic characteristics similar to those of camphor.

Origin:
1275–1325; < Medieval Latin, Neo-Latin camphoraArabic kāfūr < Malay kapur chalk, lime, camphor; replacing Middle English caumfre < Anglo-French < Medieval Latin

camphoraceous [kam-fuh-rey-shuhs] , adjective
camphoric [kam-fawr-ik, -for-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
camphor (ˈkæmfə)
 
n
a whitish crystalline aromatic terpene ketone obtained from the wood of the camphor tree or made from pinene: used in the manufacture of celluloid and in medicine as a liniment and treatment for colds. Formula: C10H16O
 
[C15: from Old French camphre, from Medieval Latin camphora, from Arabic kāfūr, from Malay kāpūr chalk; related to Khmer kāpōr camphor]
 
camphoric
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

camphor
early 14c., caumfre, from O.Fr. camphre, from M.L. camfora, from Arabic kafur (Skt. karpuram), from Malay kapur "camphor tree." Related: Camphorated.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

camphor cam·phor (kām'fər)
n.
An aromatic crystalline compound obtained from the wood or leaves of the camphor tree or synthesized and used as an insect repellent and in external preparations to relieve mild pain and itching.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
camphor   (kām'fər)  Pronunciation Key 
A white, gumlike, crystalline compound that has a strong odor. Camphor is volatile and is used as an insect repellent and in making plastics and explosives. Chemical formula: C10H16O.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Malays engaged in the search for camphor eat their food dry and take care not to pound their salt fine.
Depression was quite successfully treated by causing seizures with insulin or camphor.
For added odor control, try adding camphor, juniper or rosemary essential oils.
It had aromas of roasted meat, asphalt, and camphor.
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