canton

[kan-tn, -ton, kan-ton for 1–7; kan-ton, -tohn, or, esp. British, -toon for 8]
noun
1.
a small territorial district, especially one of the states of the Swiss confederation.
2.
(in a department of France) a division of an arrondissement.
3.
Heraldry. a square area in the dexter chief, or right-hand corner, of an escutcheon, often distinctively treated: a diminutive of the dexter chief quarter.
4.
Architecture. a pilaster or similar feature projecting from the corner of a building.
5.
Obsolete. a division, part, or portion of anything.
verb (used with object)
6.
to divide into parts or portions.
7.
to divide into cantons or territorial districts.
8.
to allot quarters to (soldiers, troops, etc.).

Origin:
1525–35; < Middle French < Old Provençal, derivative of can side, edge (see cant2)

cantonal, adjective
cantonalism, noun
uncantoned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Canton

[kan-ton, kan-ton for 1; kan-tn for 2–5]
noun
1.
Also called Kwangchow, Guangzhou, Kuangchou. Older spelling. a seaport in and the capital of Guangdong province, in SE China, on the Zhu Jiang.
2.
a city in NE Ohio: location of the football Hall of Fame.
3.
a city in E Massachusetts.
4.
a city in W central Illinois.
5.
a town in central Mississippi.

Guangdong

[gwahng-dawng]
noun Pinyin.
a province in SE China. 89,344 sq. mi. (231,401 sq. km). Capital: Canton.
Also, Kwangtung.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To canton
Collins
World English Dictionary
canton
 
n
1.  any of the 23 political divisions of Switzerland
2.  a subdivision of a French arrondissement
3.  heraldry a small square or oblong charge on a shield, usually in the top left corner
 
vb
4.  (tr) to divide into cantons
5.  (esp formerly) to allocate accommodation to (military personnel)
 
[C16: from Old French: corner, division, from Italian cantone, from canto corner, from Latin canthus iron rim; see cant²]
 
'cantonal
 
adj

Canton
 
n
1.  Guangzhou, Chinese names: Kwangchow a port in SE China, capital of Guangdong province, on the Zhu Jiang (Pearl River): the first Chinese port open to European trade. Pop: 3 881 000 (2005 est)
2.  a city in the US, in NE Ohio. Pop: 80 806 (2000)

Guangdong or Kwangtung (ˈɡwæŋˈdʊŋ)
 
n
a province of SE China, on the South China Sea: includes the Leizhou Peninsula, with densely populated river valleys; traditionally also including Macao and Hong Kong; the only true tropical climate in China. Capital: Canton. Pop: 79 540 000 (2003 est). Area: 197 100 sq km (76 100 sq miles)
 
Kwangtung or Kwangtung
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

canton
1520s, from M.Fr. canton, from It. (Lombard dialect) cantone "region," especially in the mountains, augmentive of L. canto "section of a country," lit. "corner" (see cant (2)). Originally in English a term in heraldry and flag descriptions; applied to the sovereign states of
the Swiss republic from 1610s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for canton
It is the capital of the canton of lucerne and seat of the district with the same name.
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