capability

[key-puh-bil-i-tee]
noun, plural capabilities.
1.
the quality of being capable; capacity; ability: His capability was unquestionable.
2.
the ability to undergo or be affected by a given treatment or action: the capability of glass in resisting heat.
3.
Usually, capabilities. qualities, abilities, features, etc., that can be used or developed; potential: Though dilapidated, the house has great capabilities.

Origin:
1580–90; (< Middle French capabilité) < Late Latin capābili(s) capable + -ty2

overcapability, noun, plural overcapabilities.
supercapability, noun, plural supercapabilities.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
capability (ˌkeɪpəˈbɪlɪtɪ)
 
n , pl -ties
1.  the quality of being capable; ability
2.  the quality of being susceptible to the use or treatment indicated: the capability of a metal to be fused
3.  (usually plural) a characteristic that may be developed; potential aptitude

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

capability
1610s, formed in English from capable + -ity. Capabilities "undeveloped faculty or property" is attested from 1778.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

capability definition

operating system, security
An operating system security or access control model where specific types of access to a specific object are granted by giving a process this data structure or token.
The token may be unforgeable (typically by using encryption or hardware "tagged" memory). Capabilities are used in OSes such as Hydra, KeyKOS, EROS, Chorus/Mix, and the Stanford V system. Similar to Kerberos, but in an OS context.
Compare access control list.
(1998-03-08)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The index leaders are countries that usually perform well in more traditional rankings of current broadband capability.
The move to silicon optics would add a basic new capability to silicon chips: the ability to manipulate and respond to light.
Strong demonstrated interest and capability to undertake scholarly research
  publishable in leading journals.
Some scientists, he said, believe that even apes lack this capability.
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