capercaillie

[kap-er-keyl-yee]
noun
a large grouse, Tetrao urogallus, of Eurasian forests.
Also, capercailzie [kap-er-keyl-yee, -keyl-zee] .


Origin:
1530–40; < Scots Gaelic capull coille (by dissimilation), literally, horse of the woods; for first element, compare Middle English capel horse, Old Norse kapall nag, from the same source (probably Celtic) as Latin caballus horse; spelling lz is early typographical rendering of manuscript spelling l + yogh letter (representing palatal l); compare parallel spelling of surnames Mackenzie, Menzies

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World English Dictionary
capercaillie or capercailzie (ˌkæpəˈkeɪljɪ, -ˈkeɪlzɪ)
 
n
a large European woodland grouse, Tetrao urogallus, having a black plumage and fan-shaped tail in the male
 
[C16: from Scottish Gaelic capull coille horse of the woods]
 
capercailzie or capercailzie
 
n
 
[C16: from Scottish Gaelic capull coille horse of the woods]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
The park is also home to the capercaillie, the world's largest grouse.
Capercaillie breeding success in relation to forest habitat and predator abundance.
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