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capita

[kap-i-tuh] /ˈkæp ɪ tə/
noun
1.
plural of caput.

caput

[key-puh t, kap-uh t] /ˈkeɪ pət, ˈkæp ət/
noun, plural capita
[kap-i-tuh] /ˈkæp ɪ tə/ (Show IPA).
Anatomy
1.
any head or headlike expansion on a structure, as on a bone.
Origin of caput
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin: head

per capita

[per kap-i-tuh] /pər ˈkæp ɪ tə/
adverb
1.
by or for each individual person:
income per capita.
adjective
2.
Law. noting or pertaining to a method of dividing an estate by which all those equally related to the decedent take equal shares individually without regard to the number of lines of descent.
Compare per stirpes.
Origin
1675-85; < Latin: literally, by heads
Can be confused
per annum, per capita, per diem.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for capita

capita

/ˈkæpɪtə/
noun
1.
2.
(anatomy) the plural of caput

caput

/ˈkeɪpət; ˈkæp-/
noun (pl) capita (ˈkæpɪtə)
1.
(anatomy) a technical name for the head
2.
the main or most prominent part of an organ or structure
Word Origin
C18: from Latin

per capita

/pə ˈkæpɪtə/
adjective, adverb
1.
of or for each person
Word Origin
Latin, literally: according to heads
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for capita

per capita

Latin, literally "by the head," from per (see per) + capita "head" (see capital).

caput

n.

"head," in various senses, from Latin caput (see capitulum).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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capita in Medicine

caput cap·ut (kāp'ut, -ət)
n. pl. cap·i·ta (kāp'ĭ-tə)
The head.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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capita in Culture
per capita [(puhr kap-i-tuh)]

A Latin phrase literally meaning “by heads,” and translated as “for each person.” It is a common unit for expressing data in statistics. A country's per capita personal income, for example, is the average personal income per person.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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