capitalization

[kap-i-tl-uh-zey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act or process of capitalizing.
2.
the authorized or outstanding stocks and bonds of a corporation.
3.
Accounting.
a.
the total investment of the owner or owners in a business enterprise.
b.
the total corporate liability.
c.
the total arrived at after addition of liabilities.
4.
conversion into stocks or bonds.
5.
the act of computing the present value of future periodical payments.

Origin:
1855–60; capitalize + -ation

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
capitalization or capitalisation (ˌkæpɪtəlaɪˈzeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  a.  the act of capitalizing
 b.  the sum so derived
2.  accounting the par value of the total share capital issued by a company, including the loan capital and sometimes reserves
3.  the act of estimating the present value of future payments, earnings, etc
4.  the act of writing or printing in capital letters
 
capitalisation or capitalisation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

capitalization
1860, "act of converting (assets) to capital," from capital in the financial sense. Meaning "act of writing or printing in capital letters" is recorded from 1864.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Please use standard punctuation, capitalization, and grammar on this
  professional academic forum.
Lacking a market capitalization, a tracking stock can't figure into an index
  that weights elements by this metric.
Capitalization increases the unpaid principal balance of your loan and interest
  is charged on the increased principal amount.
Capitalization is the proper treatment for expenditures incurred in new
  construction.
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