|1.||a tax levied on the basis of a fixed amount per head|
|2.||capitation grant a grant of money given to every person who qualifies under certain conditions|
|3.||the process of assessing or numbering by counting heads|
|[C17: from Late Latin capitātiō, from Latin caput head]|
major direct tax in France before the Revolution of 1789, first established in 1695 as a wartime measure. Originally, the capitation was to be paid by every subject, the amount varying according to class. For the purpose of the tax, French society was divided into 22 classes, ranging from members of the royal family who owed 2,000 livres (basic monetary unit of pre-Revolutionary France) to dayworkers who owed only one livre. The tax became permanent in the early 18th century, with apportionment by an intendant (royal agent) replacing the class system of payment. In practice the capitation was merely an addition to the taille, the long-existing royal tax, falling predominantly on the nonprivileged classes of the French people, who paid the bulk of the taxes. It was abolished with the Revolution
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