capo

1 [key-poh]
noun, plural capos.
1.
any of various devices for a guitar, lute, banjo, etc., that when clamped or screwed down across the strings at a given fret will raise each string a corresponding number of half tones.
2.
the nut of a guitar, lute, banjo, etc.
Also called capotasto.


Origin:
1875–80; < Italian, shortening of capotasto capotasto

Dictionary.com Unabridged

capo

2 [kah-poh, kap-oh]
noun, plural capos.
the chief of a branch of the Mafia.

Origin:
1960–65; < Italian: head, leader < Vulgar Latin *capum for Latin caput; cf. chief

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
capo1 (ˈkeɪpəʊ, ˈkæpəʊ)
 
n , pl -pos
Compare barré Also called: capo tasto a device fitted across all the strings of a guitar, banjo, etc, so as to raise the pitch of each string simultaneously
 
[from Italian capo tasto head stop]

capo2 (ˈkæpəʊ, Italian ˈkapo)
 
n , pl -pos
the presumed title of a Mafia leader
 
[Italian: head]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

capo
"leader of a Mafia 'family,' " 1952, from It., lit. "head."

capo
"pitch-altering device for a stringed instrument," 1946, short for capo tasto (1876), from It., lit. "head stop."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Whenever you shoot or arrest one capo, you simply get more bloodbaths as rivals fight to take their place.
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