a sudden, unpredictable change, as of one's mind or the weather.
a tendency to change one's mind without apparent or adequate motive; whimsicality; capriciousness: With the caprice of a despotic king, he alternated between kindness and cruelty.
Music. capriccio ( def 1 ).

1660–70; < French < Italian; see capriccio

1. vagary, notion, whim, fancy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
capriccio or caprice (kəˈprɪtʃɪˌəʊ)
n , pl -priccios, -pricci, -prices
music a lively piece composed freely and without adhering to the rules for any specific musical form
[C17: from Italian: caprice]
caprice or caprice (kəˈprɪtʃɪˌəʊ, -ˈpriːtʃɪ)
[C17: from Italian: caprice]

caprice (kəˈpriːs)
1.  a sudden or unpredictable change of attitude, behaviour, etc; whim
2.  a tendency to such changes
3.  another word for capriccio
[C17: from French, from Italian capriccio a shiver, caprice, from capo head + riccio hedgehog, suggesting a convulsive shudder in which the hair stood on end like a hedgehog's spines; meaning also influenced by Italian capra goat, by folk etymology]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1667, from Fr. caprice "whim," from It. capriccio "whim," orig. "a shivering," probably from capro "goat," with reference to frisking; but another theory connects the It. word with capo "head" + riccio "curl, frizzled," lit. "hedgehog," from L. ericius. The notion is of the hair standing on end in horror.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One of the film's best assets is its lack of predictability and sense of
  caprice and possibility.
His depiction of the glory and caprice of the gods both balances his main
  characters' foibles and highlights their basic nobility.
They recognized there were things that even hard work couldn't control —
  the fickle sun, the saving rain, the earth's caprice.
Accordingly the spectators favoured one or the other colour, as humour and
  caprice inclined them.
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