a caper or leap.
Manège. a movement in which the horse jumps up with its forelegs well drawn in, kicks out with its hind legs in a horizontal position in the air, and then lands again on the same spot.
verb (used without object), caprioled, caprioling.
to execute a capriole.

1570–80; < Middle French < Italian capriola, noun derivative of capriolare to leap, caper, verbal derivative of capri(u)olo roebuck < Latin capreolus, equivalent to capre(a) roe deer (derivative of caper male goat; cf. caper1) + -olus -ole1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
capriole (ˈkæprɪˌəʊl)
1.  dressage a high upward but not forward leap made by a horse with all four feet off the ground
2.  dancing a leap from bent knees
3.  (intr) to perform a capriole
[C16: from French, from Old Italian capriola, from capriolo roebuck, from Latin capreolus, caper goat]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences for capriole
When the horse demonstrates proficiency in the ballotade, the capriole is introduced.
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