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capsicum

[kap-si-kuh m] /ˈkæp sɪ kəm/
noun
1.
any plant of the genus Capsicum, of the nightshade family, as C. annuum, the common pepper of the garden, occurring in many varieties.
2.
the fruit of such a plant or some preparation of it, used as a condiment and intestinal stimulant.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; < Neo-Latin, equivalent to Latin caps(a) case2 + -icum, neuter of -icus -ic
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for capsicum

capsicum

/ˈkæpsɪkəm/
noun
1.
any tropical American plant of the solanaceous genus Capsicum, such as C. frutescens, having mild or pungent seeds enclosed in a pod-shaped or bell-shaped fruit
2.
the fruit of any of these plants, used as a vegetable or ground to produce a condiment
See also pepper (sense 4)
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin, from Latin capsa box, case²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for capsicum

Capsicum

n.

genus of pepper plants, 1660s, of unknown origin, a word said to have been chosen by French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708); perhaps irregularly formed from Latin capsa "box" (see case (n.2)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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