captive

[kap-tiv]
noun
1.
a prisoner.
2.
a person who is enslaved or dominated; slave: He is the captive of his own fears.
adjective
3.
made or held prisoner, especially in war: captive troops.
4.
kept in confinement or restraint: captive animals.
5.
enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated: her captive beau.
6.
of or pertaining to a captive.
7.
managed as an affiliate or subsidiary of a corporation and operated almost exclusively for the use or needs of the parent corporation rather than independently for the general public: a captive shop; a captive mine.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus, equivalent to capt(us) taken (past participle of capere to take) + -īvus -ive

noncaptive, adjective
pseudocaptive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
captive (ˈkæptɪv)
 
n
1.  a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2.  a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion: a captive of love
 
adj
3.  held as prisoner
4.  held under restriction or control; confined: captive water held behind a dam
5.  captivated; enraptured
6.  unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
 
[C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

captive
late 14c., from L. captivus, from captus, pp. of capere "to take, hold, seize" (see capable). Replaced O.E. hæftling, from hæft "taken, seized."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Captive definition


one taken in war. Captives were often treated with great cruelty and indignity (1 Kings 20:32; Josh. 10:24; Judg. 1:7; 2 Sam. 4:12; Judg. 8:7; 2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). When a city was taken by assault, all the men were slain, and the women and children carried away captive and sold as slaves (Isa. 20; 47:3; 2 Chr. 28:9-15; Ps. 44:12; Joel 3:3), and exposed to the most cruel treatment (Nah. 3:10; Zech. 14:2; Esther 3:13; 2 Kings 8:12; Isa. 13:16, 18). Captives were sometimes carried away into foreign countries, as was the case with the Jews (Jer. 20:5; 39:9, 10; 40:7).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Its sad enough that these animals have to be held captive in the first place.
For parents with good risk, self-insurance through a captive avoids the snags
  of pooling risk.
Although it's difficult to be certain, captive inbreeding may cause more
  two-headed births than in the wild.
Finding might help captive breeding of the endangered cats.
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