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capuchin

[kap-yoo-chin, -shin] /ˈkæp yʊ tʃɪn, -ʃɪn/
noun
1.
a Central and South American monkey, Cebus capucinus, having a prehensile tail and hair on the head resembling a cowl.
2.
any monkey of the genus Cebus.
3.
a hooded cloak for women.
4.
(initial capital letter). Also called Friar Minor Capuchin. Roman Catholic Church. a friar belonging to the branch of the Franciscan order that observes vows of poverty and austerity.
Also called ringtail monkey (for defs 1, 2).
Origin of capuchin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Middle French < Italian cappuccino, equivalent to cappucc(io) capuche + -ino -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for capuchin
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Without any further preamble the priest took a seat near the fire by the side of the capuchin friar.

    The Queen Pedauque Anatole France
  • When the Pope walked in his garden that afternoon as usual, the old capuchin was with him.

    The Eternal City Hall Caine
  • He had been a capuchin monk, in a monastery at or near Paris.

    In Madeira Place Heman White Chaplin
  • Once or twice the capuchin said, "And how did you find my young penitent this morning?"

    The Eternal City Hall Caine
  • Chabot, a capuchin monk, embittered by the cloister, and eager to avenge himself on the superstition which had imprisoned him.

    History of the Girondists, Volume I Alphonse de Lamartine
  • The capuchin pushed his handkerchief into his sleeve and dropped back into his seat.

    The Eternal City Hall Caine
British Dictionary definitions for capuchin

capuchin

/ˈkæpjʊtʃɪn; -ʃɪn/
noun
1.
any agile intelligent New World monkey of the genus Cebus, inhabiting forests in South America, typically having a cowl of thick hair on the top of the head
2.
a woman's hooded cloak
3.
(sometimes capital) a rare variety of domestic fancy pigeon
Word Origin
C16: from French, from Italian cappuccino, from cappuccio hood; see capuche

Capuchin

/ˈkæpjʊtʃɪn; ˈkæpjʊʃɪn/
noun
1.
  1. a friar belonging to a strict and autonomous branch of the Franciscan order founded in 1525
  2. (as modifier): a Capuchin friar
Word Origin
C16: from French; see capuche
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for capuchin

Capuchin

n.

1520s, from Middle French capuchin (16c., Modern French capucin), from Italian capuccino, diminutive of capuccio "hood," augmentative of cappa (see cap (n.)). Friar of the Order of St. Francis, under the rule of 1528, so called from the pointed hoods on their cloaks. As a type of monkey, 1785, from the shape of the hair on its head, thought to resemble a cowl.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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