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carnelian

[kahr-neel-yuh n] /kɑrˈnil yən/
noun
1.
a red or reddish variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry.
Also, cornelian.
Origin
1685-1695
1685-95; variant (with a of carnation) of cornelian, Middle English cornel(ine) (< Middle French, probably equivalent to Old French cornele cornel cherry + -ine -ine1) + -ian
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for carnelian
  • Similar to carnelian is sard, which is generally harder and darker.
  • Similar to carnelian is sard, which is brown rather than red.
British Dictionary definitions for carnelian

carnelian

/kɑːˈniːljən/
noun
1.
a red or reddish-yellow translucent variety of chalcedony, used as a gemstone
Word Origin
C17: variant of cornelian, from Old French corneline, of uncertain origin; car- spelling influenced by Latin carneus flesh-coloured
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for carnelian
n.

"red variety of chalcedony," variant of cornelian, altered by influence of Latin carnem "flesh" because of its color.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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