1 [kahrp]

1200–50; Middle English carpen to speak, prate < Old Norse karpa to brag, wrangle

carper, noun

1. criticize, deprecate, condemn, censure. Unabridged


2 [kahrp]
noun, plural (especially collectively) carp (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) carps.
a large freshwater cyprinid fish, Cyprinus carpio, native to Asia but widely introduced in tropical and temperate waters: an important food fish in many countries.
any of various other fishes of the family Cyprinidae.

1350–1400; Middle English carpe < Middle French < Middle Dutch or Middle Low German karpe; cognate with Old High German karpfo


a combining form occurring in compounds that denote a part of a fruit or fruiting body: endocarp.

< Neo-Latin -carpium < Greek -karpion, derivative of karpós fruit

carp. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
carp1 (kɑːp)
n , pl carp, carps
1.  a freshwater teleost food fish, Cyprinus carpio, having a body covered with cycloid scales, a naked head, one long dorsal fin, and two barbels on each side of the mouth: family Cyprinidae
2.  any other fish of the family Cyprinidae; a cyprinid
Related: cyprinid, cyprinoid
[C14: from Old French carpe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German karpfo, Old Norse karfi]

carp2 (kɑːp)
vb (often foll by at)
to complain or find fault; nag pettily
[C13: from Old Norse karpa to boast; related to Latin carpere to pluck]

n combining form
(in botany) fruit or a reproductive structure that develops into a particular part of the fruit: epicarp
[from New Latin -carpium, from Greek -karpion, from karpos fruit]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"fish," 1393, from O.Fr. carpe, from V.L. carpa (c.575), possibly from Gothic *karpa. A Danube fish (hence the E.Gmc. origin of its name), introduced in Eng. ponds 14c.

"complain," c.1240, from O.N. karpa "to brag," of unknown origin; meaning turned toward "find fault," probably by infl. of L. carpere "to slander, revile," lit. "to pluck" (see harvest).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
  1. carpenter

  2. carpentry

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Carp in the office of the chairman at the end of year.
Often she continued to lurk, roiling the mud to conceal herself and basking in
  her own scaled beauty, as carp will.
The feeding cycle of the paddlefish is slower than that of the carp.
Carp were brought here to be farmed, or to solve other problems.
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