carrageen

carrageen

[kar-uh-geen]
noun
Also, carragheen.


Origin:
1825–35; named after Carrageen in SE Ireland

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
carrageen, carragheen or carageen (ˈkærəˌɡiːn)
 
n
Also called: Irish moss an edible red seaweed, Chondrus crispus, of North America and N Europe
 
[C19: from Carragheen, near Waterford, Ireland, where it is plentiful]
 
carragheen, carragheen or carageen
 
n
 
[C19: from Carragheen, near Waterford, Ireland, where it is plentiful]
 
carageen, carragheen or carageen
 
n
 
[C19: from Carragheen, near Waterford, Ireland, where it is plentiful]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

carrageen

(Chondrus crispus), species of red tufted seaweed with thin fronds from 5 to 25 cm (2 to 10 inches) long that grows abundantly along the rocky parts of the Atlantic coast of the British Isles, continental Europe, and North America. The plant is cartilaginous, varying in colour from a greenish yellow to a dark purple; when sun-dried and bleached it has a yellowish, translucent, hornlike aspect and consistency. The principal constituent of Irish moss is a gelatinous substance, carrageenan, which can be extracted by boiling. Carrageenan is used for curing leather and as an emulsifying and suspending agent in pharmaceuticals, food products, cosmetics, and shoe polishes. In North America it is harvested from shallow water by dredging with special rakes; in Europe it is usually obtained from plants cast ashore.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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