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castaway

[kast-uh-wey, kahst-] /ˈkæst əˌweɪ, ˈkɑst-/
noun
1.
a shipwrecked person.
2.
anything cast adrift or thrown away.
3.
an outcast.
adjective
4.
cast adrift.
5.
thrown away.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; noun, adj. use of verb phrase cast away
Synonyms
3. pariah, outlaw, leper.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cast-away

castaway

/ˈkɑːstəˌweɪ/
noun
1.
a person who has been shipwrecked
2.
something thrown off or away; castoff
adjective (prenominal)
3.
shipwrecked or put adrift
4.
thrown away or rejected
verb
5.
(transitive, adverb; often passive) to cause (a ship, person, etc) to be shipwrecked or abandoned
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cast-away

castaway

n.

late 15c., "one who is rejected," from the verbal phrase (c.1300, literal and figurative), from cast (v.) + away (adv.). Specific sense "one adrift at sea" is from 1799. The adjective is first recorded 1540s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cast-away in the Bible

Gr. adokimos, (1 Cor. 9:27), one regarded as unworthy (R.V., "rejected"); elsewhere rendered "reprobate" (2 Tim. 3:8, etc.); "rejected" (Heb. 6:8, etc.).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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6
7
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