verb (used with object), castigated, castigating.
to criticize or reprimand severely.
to punish in order to correct.

1600–10; < Latin castīgātus literally, driven to be faultless (past participle of castigāre to chasten), equivalent to cast(us) pure, chaste + -īg-, combining form of agere to drive, incite + -ātus -ate1

castigation, noun
castigative, castigatory [kas-ti-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
castigator, noun
noncastigating, adjective
noncastigation, noun
self-castigating, adjective
self-castigation, noun
uncastigated, adjective
uncastigative, adjective

1. scold, reprove. 2. discipline, chastise, chasten. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
castigate (ˈkæstɪˌɡeɪt)
(tr) to rebuke or criticize in a severe manner; chastise
[C17: from Latin castīgāre to correct, punish, from castum pure + agere to compel (to be)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1607, from L. castigatus pp. of castigare "to purify, chastise," from castus "pure" (see caste) + agere "to do." Sense of "make someone pure by correcting or reproving him."
"If thou didst put this soure cold habit on To castigate thy pride, 'twere well." [Shakespeare, "Timon" IV.iii (1607)]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The authors also take every opportunity to castigate other westerners for their
  ignorance of the changed continent.
We may blame the students, castigate them as lazy or lacking commitment, and
  even rebuke the students.
It is amusing how you can castigate the science based skepticism, but insist on
  the opposite extreme of blind faith.
But once they know they are to be rescued they sullenly castigate him.
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