castrate

[kas-treyt]
verb (used with object), castrated, castrating.
1.
to remove the testes of; emasculate; geld.
2.
to remove the ovaries of.
3.
Psychology. to render impotent, literally or metaphorically, by psychological means, especially by threatening a person's masculinity or femininity.
4.
to deprive of strength, power, or efficiency; weaken: Without those ten new submarines, our navy will be castrated.
noun
5.
a castrated person or animal.

Origin:
1605–15; < Latin castrātus past participle of castrāre to geld, equivalent to castr- geld + -ātus -ate1

castration, noun
castrator, noun
uncastrated, adjective
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World English Dictionary
castrate (kæˈstreɪt)
 
vb
1.  to remove the testicles of; emasculate; geld
2.  to deprive of vigour, masculinity, etc
3.  to remove the ovaries of; spay
4.  to expurgate or censor (a book, play, etc)
 
[C17: from Latin castrāre to emasculate, geld]
 
cas'tration
 
n
 
cas'trator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

castration
c.1420, from L. castrationem, agent noun of castrare "to castrate, prune," related to *castrum "knife," from PIE base *kes- "to cut." Hence castrato (pl. castrati), borrowed 1763 from the It. form of the word. Freud's castration complex is 1914 in Eng.

castrate
1613, from castration (q.v.). The fig. sense is attested earlier (1554). Castrated is recorded from 1613.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

castrate cas·trate (kās'trāt')
v. cas·trat·ed, cas·trat·ing, cas·trates

  1. To remove the testicles of a male; emasculate.

  2. To remove the ovaries of a female; spay.

castration cas·tra·tion (kā-strā'shən)
n.

  1. Removal of the testicles or ovaries; sterilization.

  2. A psychological disorder that is manifested in the female as the fantasized loss of the penis or in the male as fear of its actual loss.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Chemical castration and feminization of males do not occur under natural
  conditions.
And someone started leaving chopped-up sausages on his car, a possible
  reference to castration.
To many outsiders the country seemed numb, the subject of a kind of moral
  castration.
Castration would certainly ensure a full head of hair for life.
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