cata-

cata-

a prefix meaning “down,” “against,” “back,” occurring originally in loanwords from Greek (cataclysm; catalog; catalepsy ); on this model, used in the formation of other compound words (catagenesis; cataphyll ).
Also, cat-, cath-, kata-.


Origin:
< Greek kata-, combining form of katá down, through, against, according to, towards, during

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To cata-
Collins
World English Dictionary
cata-, (before a vowel) kata-, (before a vowel) cath- or (before a vowel) cat-
 
prefix
1.  down; downwards; lower in position: catadromous; cataphyll
2.  indicating reversal, opposition, degeneration, etc: cataplasia; catatonia
 
[from Greek kata-, from kata. In compound words borrowed from Greek, kata- means: down (catabolism), away, off (catalectic), against (category), according to (catholic), and thoroughly (catalogue)]
 
kata-, (before a vowel) kata-, (before a vowel) cath- or (before a vowel) cat-
 
prefix
 
[from Greek kata-, from kata. In compound words borrowed from Greek, kata- means: down (catabolism), away, off (catalectic), against (category), according to (catholic), and thoroughly (catalogue)]
 
cath-, (before a vowel) kata-, (before a vowel) cath- or (before a vowel) cat-
 
prefix
 
[from Greek kata-, from kata. In compound words borrowed from Greek, kata- means: down (catabolism), away, off (catalectic), against (category), according to (catholic), and thoroughly (catalogue)]
 
cat-, (before a vowel) kata-, (before a vowel) cath- or (before a vowel) cat-
 
prefix
 
[from Greek kata-, from kata. In compound words borrowed from Greek, kata- means: down (catabolism), away, off (catalectic), against (category), according to (catholic), and thoroughly (catalogue)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cata-
from Gk. kata-, before vowels kat-. Its principal sense is "down," but with occasional senses of "against" or "wrongly." Also sometimes used as an intensive. Most Eng. words with this prefix were borrowed through L. after 1500; e.g. catalectic (1589) "wanting a syllable in the last foot."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cata- pref.

  1. Down: catabolism.

  2. Reverse; backward; degenerative: cataplasia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature