catchment

[kach-muhnt]
noun
1.
the act of catching water.
2.
something for catching water, as a reservoir or basin.
3.
the water that is caught in such a catchment.

Origin:
1840–50; catch + -ment

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World English Dictionary
catchment (ˈkætʃmənt)
 
n
1.  the act of catching or collecting water
2.  a structure in which water is collected
3.  the water so collected
4.  (Brit) the intake of a school from one catchment area

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

catchment
1847, from catch (v.) + -ment.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One doctor is responsible for a catchment area of a couple of city blocks.
They can also charge high fees from students from outside their official catchment areas.
As such, the dam and catchment simply isn't large enough to hold all the water.
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