causation

[kaw-zey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the action of causing or producing.
2.
the relation of cause to effect; causality.
3.
anything that produces an effect; cause.

Origin:
1640–50; < Medieval Latin causātiōn- (stem of causātiō), equivalent to causāt(us) (past participle of causāre to cause) (Latin caus(a) cause + -ātus -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

causational, adjective
noncausation, noun

casualty, causality, causation, cause (see synonym study at cause).
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World English Dictionary
causation (kɔːˈzeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act or fact of causing; the production of an effect by a cause
2.  the relationship of cause and effect
 
cau'sational
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

causation
1646, from L. causationem "excuse, pretext," in M.L. "action of causing," from causa (see cause).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The parties looked at all the information related to causation.
Only that kind of experiment, he says, can suggest anything definitive about
  causation.
What is more, the direction of causation is not always clear.
It's rare in science and science writing to make definitive statements,
  particularly about causation.
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