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cavatina

[kav-uh-tee-nuh; Italian kah-vah-tee-nah] /ˌkæv əˈti nə; Italian ˌkɑ vɑˈti nɑ/
noun, plural cavatine
[kav-uh-tee-ney; Italian kah-vah-tee-ne] /ˌkæv əˈti neɪ; Italian ˌkɑ vɑˈti nɛ/ (Show IPA).
Music.
1.
a simple song or melody, properly one without a second part or a repeat; an air.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < Italian, equivalent to cavat(a) song (literally, something drawn out, noun use of feminine of cavata < Latin cavātus hollowed out, hollow; see cave, -ate1) + -ina -ine1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cavatina

cavatina

/ˌkævəˈtiːnə/
noun (pl) -ne (-nɪ)
1.
a solo song resembling a simple aria
2.
an instrumental composition reminiscent of this
Word Origin
C19: from Italian
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for cavatina

musical form appearing in operas and occasionally in cantatas and instrumental music. In early 18th-century cantatas, notably those of J.S. Bach, the cavatina was a short, epigrammatic piece sometimes sung between the speech-like recitative and the more lyric arioso. In opera the cavatina is an aria, generally of brilliant character, sung in one or two sections without repeats. It developed in the mid-18th century, coincident with the decline of the previously favoured da capo aria (in which the musical form is ABA, with the repeated A section given improvised variations). Examples occur in the operas of Mozart, Weber, and Rossini. In 19th-century bel canto operas of Bellini, Donizetti, and Verdi the term came to refer to a principal singer's opening aria, whether in one movement or paired with a contrasting cabaletta. "Cavatina" is also used as the title of songlike instrumental works, e.g., in Beethoven's String Quartet, Opus 130.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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