cavatina

cavatina

[kav-uh-tee-nuh; Italian kah-vah-tee-nah]
noun, plural cavatine [kav-uh-tee-ney; Italian kah-vah-tee-ne] . Music.
a simple song or melody, properly one without a second part or a repeat; an air.

Origin:
1830–40; < Italian, equivalent to cavat(a) song (literally, something drawn out, noun use of feminine of cavata < Latin cavātus hollowed out, hollow; see cave, -ate1) + -ina -ine1

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World English Dictionary
cavatina (ˌkævəˈtiːnə)
 
n , pl -ne
1.  a solo song resembling a simple aria
2.  an instrumental composition reminiscent of this
 
[C19: from Italian]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cavatina

musical form appearing in operas and occasionally in cantatas and instrumental music. In early 18th-century cantatas, notably those of J.S. Bach, the cavatina was a short, epigrammatic piece sometimes sung between the speech-like recitative and the more lyric arioso. In opera the cavatina is an aria, generally of brilliant character, sung in one or two sections without repeats. It developed in the mid-18th century, coincident with the decline of the previously favoured da capo aria (in which the musical form is ABA, with the repeated A section given improvised variations). Examples occur in the operas of Mozart, Weber, and Rossini. In 19th-century bel canto operas of Bellini, Donizetti, and Verdi the term came to refer to a principal singer's opening aria, whether in one movement or paired with a contrasting cabaletta. "Cavatina" is also used as the title of songlike instrumental works, e.g., in Beethoven's String Quartet, Opus 130.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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