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[sen-truh-fyooj] /ˈsɛn trəˌfyudʒ/
an apparatus that rotates at high speed and by centrifugal force separates substances of different densities, as milk and cream.
verb (used with object), centrifuged, centrifuging.
Also, centrifugalize. to subject to the action of a centrifuge.
1795-1805; < French, noun use of centrifuge (adj.) < New Latin centrifugus center-fleeing; see centrifugal
Related forms
[sen-trif-yuh-gey-shuh n, -trif-uh-] /sɛnˌtrɪf yəˈgeɪ ʃən, -ˌtrɪf ə-/ (Show IPA),
recentrifuge, verb (used with object), recentrifuged, recentrifuging. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for centrifuge
  • One concerned minute traces of weapons grade material found in a centrifuge.
  • But a small centrifuge plant would be difficult to detect.
  • From there they strapped me into a centrifuge and spun me around.
  • The tornado centrifuge works on the same principle as the vortex vacuum cleaners.
  • So the preserve the whole grain by dehulling it in a custom-built centrifuge.
  • Prizes include a space flight simulator centrifuge experience.
  • There will also be more emphasis on space medicine, and the station is to get a centrifuge.
  • The blood sample is sent to a laboratory, where it is placed in a machine called a centrifuge.
  • Its centrifuge machines could produce enough bomb-usable uranium for about a weapon a year.
  • She pours the contents of a capsule into a centrifuge tube, adds isopropyl alcohol and shakes it.
British Dictionary definitions for centrifuge


any of various rotating machines that separate liquids from solids or dispersions of one liquid in another, by the action of centrifugal force
any of various rotating devices for subjecting human beings or animals to varying accelerations for experimental purposes
(transitive) to subject to the action of a centrifuge
Derived Forms
centrifugation (ˌsɛntrɪfjʊˈɡeɪʃən) noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for centrifuge

1887, "a centrifuge machine," originally a machine for separating cream from milk, from French centrifuge, from noun use of adjective meaning "centrifugal" (1801), from Modern Latin centrifugus (see centrifugal).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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centrifuge in Medicine

centrifuge cen·tri·fuge (sěn'trə-fyōōj')
An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different densities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. v. cen·tri·fuged, cen·tri·fug·ing, cen·tri·fug·es
To rotate something in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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centrifuge in Science
A machine that separates substances of different densities in a sample by rotating the sample at very high speed, causing the substance to be displaced outward, sometimes through a series of filters or gratings. Denser substances tend to be displaced from the center more than ones that are less dense.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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