city, Montenegro, historic capital of Montenegro. It lies 2,198 feet (670 metres) above sea level on the Cetinje plateau, surrounded by peaks and at the foot of Mount Lovcen (5,738 feet [1,749 metres]). The city's name derives from the river, the Cetina (or Cetinja). The monastery at Cetinje became the seat of the prince-bishops, or vladike, theocratic rulers of Montenegro, from 1516 to 1851. The Montenegrins constantly battled the Turks and Albanians, and Cetinje was overrun by Turkish forces in 1692, 1714, and 1785. On the first occasion the defendants of the monastery fired the gunpowder supply, destroying the monastery, themselves, and many Turks
Learn more about Cetinje with a free trial on Britannica.com.